Apart from developing and boosting their own research, the objective of these Groups is to provide methodological advice to other professionals in the implementation of their projects.
The research activity carried out in this Area is mainly aimed at the following:
- Clinical epidemiology and evidence-based medicine.
- Epidemiology of cancer and chronic diseases.
- Epidemiological monitoring of prevalent, infectious diseases.
- Nutritional epidemiology.
- Epidemiological, environmental and contextual factors in children’s development.
The research carried out aims to:
Promote epidemiological research both at a hospital and community level, to strengthen translational research in order to transfer the knowledge gained to clinical research areas and to care practices, and to incorporate the advances to modify contextual and individual factors that affect health, to identify aetiological and phenotypical determining factors in the appearance and development of pathological processes and conditions, and lastly, to be a reference in the field of quality health research.
The three Research Groups have proven experience in the design and implementation of complex epidemiological studies: controlled clinical trials, cohort studies, case control and population-based surveys.
Research in this Area requires the integration of the individual clinical experience, understood to be the skill acquired during clinical training and practice, with the best clinical and biological evidence, and with the study of the interaction with environmental factors.
Quantitative or qualitative clinical research will provide the bases to find the most relevant decisions and recommendations to individual or community clinical problems. The collective action guidelines as regards both prevention and treatment make up the basic objective on which Public Health action lies.